Mediation

A dispute resolution method designed to help warring parties resolve their own dispute without going to court. In mediation, a neutral third party (the mediator) meets with the opposing sides to help them find a mutually satisfactory solution. The mediator has no power to impose a solution. No formal rules of evidence or procedurd control mediation ; the mediator and the parties usually agree on their own informal ways to proced.

 

Palermo Protocol

The United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and its two supplementary Protocols were signed by 120 states of 148 present in Palermo, ltaly in December 2000. According to the Palermo Protocol, trafficking in persons includes cases wher victims are threatened, deceived or coerced into  working as prostitutes or unpaid workers. The Trafficking Protocol reconizes the need for a combined approach that intergreates effective prevention of trafficking with the prosecution of traffickers and the protection of human rights and assistance ot victims of trafficking.

International Labour Organization - ILO

Founded in 1919, by the treaty of Versailles, the International Labour Organization is a specialized agency of the UN which seeks the promotion of social justice and internationally  recognized human and labour rights.

Migration

Migration is the movement of persons from one country or locality to another. Labour migration is a key feature of globalization. The number of countries employing foreign labour has more than doubled in the recent years. More and more governments are recognizing the need to establish. modernize, and improve thsir laws, policies, practices and administrative structures for ensuring orderly migrtion.

Kamaiya System

The Kamaiya system is commonly known as an agriculturally based bonded labour system in the western lowlands of Nepal. Low wages, caste discrimination, unequal access to resources and education, and unequal distribution of land force Kamaiya to take loans to satisfy their daily needs. In order to pay off the debts, the entire family is usually forced to work for the landlord for little or no additional income under compulsion of the annual Kamaiya contract -this can tie families into bondage for generations.

International Labour Standards

The ILO's standrads take the form of international labour Conventions and Recommendations. The ILO's Conventions are international treaties, sucject to ratification by ILO member State. Its Recommendations are non-binding instruments - dealing with the same subjects as Conveentions - which set out guidelines which can orieent national policy and action. Both forms are intended to have a concrete impact on working conditions and practices in every country of the world.

Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work

Adopted in 1998, the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work is an experssion of commitment by government, employers' and workers' organizarions to uphold basic human values - values that are vital to our social and economic lives. They include protecting the right to freedom of association and collective bargaining as well as eliminating forced labour, child labour and discrimination at the workplace.

International Labour Conference

The International Labour Conference is the annual meeting of the tripartite delegations (governments, workers' and employers') of member states of the International Labour Organiztion.

 

Informal Economy

The informal economy refers to informal jobs and production units not covered by regulation. These units and jobs are unprotected, unrecoginzed and unorganized thereby leaving workers in this sector of the economy vulnerable and insecure.

 

Director General

The Director-General is the person appointed by the ILO's Governing Body responsible for the efficient conduct of the international Labour Office and for such other duties as may be assigned to him or her.

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