Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work

Adopted in 1998, the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work is an experssion of commitment by government, employers' and workers' organizarions to uphold basic human values - values that are vital to our social and economic lives. They include protecting the right to freedom of association and collective bargaining as well as eliminating forced labour, child labour and discrimination at the workplace.

International Labour Conference

The International Labour Conference is the annual meeting of the tripartite delegations (governments, workers' and employers') of member states of the International Labour Organiztion.


Informal Economy

The informal economy refers to informal jobs and production units not covered by regulation. These units and jobs are unprotected, unrecoginzed and unorganized thereby leaving workers in this sector of the economy vulnerable and insecure.


Director General

The Director-General is the person appointed by the ILO's Governing Body responsible for the efficient conduct of the international Labour Office and for such other duties as may be assigned to him or her.

Decent Work

The goal of the ILO is not just the creation of jobs, but the creation of jobs of acceptable quality.The quantity of employment cannot be divorced from its quality. The need today is to devise social and economic systems,which ensure basic security and employment while remaining capable of adaptation to rapidly changing circumstances in a highly competitie global market. Decent work means productive work in which rights are protected, which gencerates an adequate income, with adequate social protection.

Governing Body

The Governing Body, which comprises of 28 government members, 14 Employers and 14 Worker members, is the executive Council of the ILo, which meets 3 times a year in Geneva. It takes decision on actions to give effect to ILO policy, elects the Director General of the ILO and prepares the draft programme and budget which it then submits to the International labour conference, for adoption. Ten of the Government seats are permanently held by States of chief industrial importance (Brazil, China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Russian, Federation, UK and US).


Discrimination occurs when people are treated differently or unfairly. Discrimination at work involves practices that have the effect of placing certain individuals and social groups in a position of subordination or disadvantage relative to other individuals or groups. Distinctions of this kind can be made on a variety of grounds, including sex/gender, race colour, political opinion, social origin and/or national extraction.

Debt Bondage

Debt bondage is a form of forced labour and is a violation of basic human rights. Debt bondage or bonded labour occurs when a person's labour is demanded in return for a loan. Victims of debt bondage are often tricked into working for little or no money, making it very difficult to ever repay the debt.Some victime of bonded labour are trapped in a system of indebtedness, sometimes for their whole lives, Sometimes whole families are affected, and in some cases, children have inherited their parents' debts.


Core Labour Standards

See 'International Labour Standards'.


Convention Relating to the Four Declaration Principles and Rights

The ILO's Governing Body has identified eight Conventions as fundamental to the rights of human being at work, irrespective of the level of development of individual member States, These rights are a precondition for all the others in that they provide a necessary framework from which to strive freely for the improvement of individual and collective conditions at work. They include the following conventions:

     - Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention, 1948 (No.87);

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