Globalization is the changing of our world into one where our economic, social, and political relatons are becoming more and more intertwined and international. In a way, it refers to the fact that our world is becoming a smaller place. Advances in information and communications technology mean that we can contact people on the other side of the world more easily, and receive international news the same moment that it is happening.


The term employment means work or service performed for wages under a contract of hire, which creates the employer and employee relationship. It may be either an expressed or implied contract.


A Convention is a legal agreement between a member State of the ILO and the ILO itself. Conventions must first be adopted by the International Labour Conference, with government, employer and worker representatives from all the ILO's member states. Countries that 'ratify' or sign up to conventions are required to make sure that national laws respect the content of that Convention. The ILO currently has 185 conventions, all of which protect social justice in the world of work.


Collective Bargaining

Collective bargaining means workers' organizations and employers' organizations negotiating terms and conditions of employment, regulating relations between workes and employers or their organizations. The right to collective bargaining goes hand in hand with freedom of association. When workes and employers and their representatives have these meetings, they can discuss issues such as salary, health and safety, general working conditions and any other issue of mutual concern.


Gender refers to social differences and relationships between men and women which are learned, changeable over time, and vary within and between societies and cultures. The primary goal of the ILO today is to promote Decent Work for all women and men. This is productivie work performed in conditions of freedom, equity,security and human dignity, to which women and men have access on equal terms.


Committee on Freedom of Association

The Committee of Freedom of Association is the tripartite committee of the ILO's Governing Body responsible for the examination of complaints alleging violation of the principles of freedom of association.


Freedom of Association

Freedom of association is a right that all workers and employers have - the freedom to form and join groups of their own choosing with elected representation - to promote and defend their interests concerning work. The main way to express Freedom of Association is through collective bargaining. This basic human right goes together with freedom of expression and is the basic of democratic representation and governance. People should be able to exercise their right to influence matters that directoly concern them. In other words, everyone's voice needs to be heard and taken into account.

Child Labour

Child Labour is an unacceptable form of child work. lt is work that exposes children to harm or exploitation. Child labour can be divided into three categories: work done by a child who is younger than the minimum age for that kind of work; hazardous work that poses a risk to the physical, mental or moral well being of a child; and the unconditional worst forms of child labour.


Constituents of the ILO are representative organizations of employers and workers, and governments of member states.



Ratification means to confirm or accept a contract through some formal means, such as a signature. For example, ILO member States can choose to ratify ILO Conventions. Once a country has ratified a Convention, it is legally bound to respect the conditions and details of that convention. At the same time, the ILO has a responsibility to work with countries that have ratified particular Conventions to ensure that principles can be respected.

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