ขอพระองค์ทรงพระเจริญ

ARBITRATION-COSTS

 

 

VERTICAL UNION

A union whose claimed jurisdiction covers all occupations from the production of raw materials to fabricated products. There is no clear line of distinction between a vertical and an industrial union.

JURISDICTIONAL DISPUTES

 

Arguments among unions over which union represents workers at a job site.

PRODUCTIVITY

         Amount produce in relation to effort or time expended; a mwasurement of unit output per worker orper man-hours or-days worked.

 

UNION JURISDICTION

The types of work, or entire industry, which a union claims, or which its federated body (such as the A.F.L. – C.I.O.) has assigned to it as a basis for its membership.

ARBITRATION-BOARD

 

KICKBACK

 

The return of a position of an employee’s wages to his employer or foreman upon threat of the employee's losing his job or as a bribe for obtaining a job.

 

SHIFT DIFFERENTIAL

        Special remuneration for work performed on other than the regularday schedule; may include a per cent or amount over the day rate ,or shorter hours with full pay , or both. Diferentials may vary bettwen shifts , that is , a higher rate for the midnight than for thte afternoon shift.

LEARNER

 

A beginner in an occupation which requires a relatively shorter time to learn than a skilled trade where apprenticeship is required. Unlike apprenticeship, there is no formal responsibility on the part of the employer or the union in the matter of instruction although the length of the learner periods may by specified for purpose of wage setting.(See also Apprentice)

WAGES

 

As distinct from “earnings,” wages usually refer to regular wage rates or remuneration for work performed under normal conditions, that is, exclusive of overtime and holiday work or work performed under other special circumstances. (See also Earnings, Incentive Wages, “Real” Wages)

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