ขอพระองค์ทรงพระเจริญ

WAGES

 

As distinct from “earnings,” wages usually refer to regular wage rates or remuneration for work performed under normal conditions, that is, exclusive of overtime and holiday work or work performed under other special circumstances. (See also Earnings, Incentive Wages, “Real” Wages)

UNION SHOP

 

An agreement between an employer and union which requires all employees immediately after hiring of after a specified probationary period, to become and remain mernbers of the union.

ARBITRATOR

 

 

An impartial adjudicator of disputes between enployers and employees, or between unions. An arbitrator is appointed to settle a particular dispute, while the terms "impartial chairman," "referee" and "umpire" are generally applied to persons serving in a permanent capacity.

 

LAYOFF

 

Most frequently used in connection with dismissal from a job because of lack or work although sometimes used to refer to a temporary suspension for disciplinary reason in contrast to a permanent discharge. Laidoff employees usually retain seniority rights to reemployment for more or less extended periods of time.

UNION SECURITY

 

Terni commonly applied to provisions in collective agreements, which grant the union shop or require maintenance of membership of those who once join the union.

UNION - MANAGEMENT CO - OPERATION

 

In its broadest sense, refers to any peaceful management-union negotiations including bargaining over terms of employment. More commonly the term is given a limited meaning to refer to those jointly sponsored activities which are directed to the improvement and expansion of the business, such as cost savings, improvement in production procedures and quality of output, sales promotion, etc.

UNION - SHOP CARD

 

A card issued by the union for display by the employer to indicate that the is operating under union conditions. Commonly used in barberships, restaurants and other retail and service industries. Analogous to use of union label in manufacturing.

ARBITRATION

 

 

The process of referring disputes between employers and employees, (or between two rival unions) to the decision of impartial adjudicators. While an arbitrator's decision is legally binging, arbitration differs from judicial processes in several important respects :

 

(a) The disputants have voluntarily agreed to refer the matter to arbitration and have themselves selected the arbitrator;

 

LONGEVITY PAY

 

Wages based on length of service; may be in the form of graduated wage rates or an extra bonus or per cent added to regular or base earnings.(See also Automatic Wage Adjustment)

UNFAIR EMPLOYER

 

 

Specifically, an employer who has committed an unfair labor practice as defnied by law. In union parlance it may refer to any nonunion employer.

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