ขอพระองค์ทรงพระเจริญ

APPRENTICE RATE

 

 

A formally established schedule of wage rates, usually graduated is such a manner as to permit the achievement of the minimum journeyman rate at the end of the apprenticeship period.

 

LOWELL SYSTEM

 

The system associated with Lowell, Massachusetts, whereby workers, mainly young woman, lived in boarding houses owned and run by the company.

REAL WAGES

     

The purchasing power of a dollar of wages; that is ,money wages in relation to cost of

living or price levels .for example, if wages rates have increased 10 per cent and cost living has also increased 10 per cent during and period, then real wages have remained the same.

 

MEDIATION

A dispute resoltion method designed to help warring parties resolve their own dispute without going to cout. In mediation ,a neutral thrid party (the mediator) meets with the opposing sides to help them find a mutually satisfactory solution. The mediator has no power to impose a solution . No formal rules of evidence or procedure control mediation; the mediator and the parties usually agree on their own informal ways to proceed .

 

MAINTENANCE OF MEMBERSHIP

 

An arrangement whereby employee who voluntarily join the union must maintain their membership for the duration of the agreement as a condition of continued employment.

SHOP CHAIRMAN

        A union steward usullly chosen by the department steward from among their own number ,althoung he may be elected by the members within the plant , tiserveas chairman over all the stewards in the plant and to deal with top management officials in adjusting matters not settled satisfactorily by the department stewards and formen. (See Business Agent,Steward)

LOCKOUT

 

A temporary withholding or shutting down of work by an employer, in protest against employee actions or to coerce them into accepting his terms. (See Strike)

 

 

TIME AND MOTION STUDY

 

Observing the motions and measuring the time which an operator takes to perform a job or job element, usually with a stop watch, for purpose of establishing job standards and incentive wage rates

MINIMUM WAGE

 

The lowest rate of pay an employer is allowed to pay under the law or a union contract.

 

TECHNOLOGICAL UNEMPLOYMENT

 

Displacement of workers due to introduction of or improvement in machinery and new methods production.

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